With an average annual gross domestic product (GDP) growth rate of over 5%, African economies are well poised to triple their energy consumption in the next few decades.
IES researchers work to provide the best international experience in energy efficiency (EE) and renewable energy (RE) development across the African continent, therefore contributing to reducing energy poverty, mitigating pollution, and enhancing job creation and sustainable development.
IES developed comprehensive analytical tools and studies of energy to assist government agencies and implementers to choose cost effective energy efficiency and renewable energy as first options to meet growing energy demands.
The Uganda Energy Efficiency Roadmap is a project funded by USAID to build on the on-going programs of both Power Africa and SE4All in Uganda to raise the opportunities for electricity savings through energy efficiency programs. The project will build on the Energy Efficiency component of the SE4All Action Agenda by providing more in-depth treatment of the electricity efficiency opportunities, outlining a concrete pathway for the implementation of energy efficeicny programs.
The project will (1) assess the technical electricity savings potential, (2) identified policies and programs that allow to realize this potential and (3) engage with stakeholders to implement program and policies identified. One of the objectives of this project is to promote the multiple benefits of energy efficiency in the following areas: reducing costs of power generation, distribution and use, reducing pollution and emissions, and enhancing the benefits on the local economy.
The US Lawrence Berkeley National laboratory (LBNL) and the International consultant group ICF are partnering in this project to provide their experience and lead the realization of the project.
Electric motor systems are estimated to account for approximately 65% of the electricity consumption and have been evaluated as a high priority equipment in terms of expanding minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) programs in Egypt.
LBNL is currently developing a scenario analysis and policy roadmap for the implementation of Standards and Labeling program for motors in Egypt. The analysis includes a market assessment, engineering and the techno-economic analysis to support the implementation of the standards. Impacts are provided for a set of efficiency levels ranking from Egypt current baseline to the best available technologies, considering the harmonization of MEPS for motors in the EU as a specific scenario.
LBNL provides technical assistance and strategic advice to the Republic of South Africa's Department of Energy with the implementation of that country's appliance energy efficiency standards and labeling (EES&L) and with the design of incentive programs.
Major contrbutions include:
Current distribution of efficiency levels of refrigerators in 2011, 2014, and 2015 (projected)
LBNL, in collaboration with the IEA, organized a workshop in South Africa on Energy Efficiency Indicators in June 2008. Based on this workshop, LBNL worked with Energy Cybernetics of South Africa to develop energy efficiency indicators for the country. This experience, combined with the experience in two other major economies, India and Mexico, was used to develop methodologies for better accounting of energy efficiency in emerging economies.
LBNL has collaborated with Ghana's Energy Commission on appliance energy efficiency since 1999. This collaboration led to the implementation of the first energy efficiency standards and labeling (EES&L) program in Sub-Saharan Africa in 2001. The legislation covered minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) for room air conditioners and product labeling. Supported by LBNL technical assistance, Ghana's appliance efficiency program demonstrates a successful model and leadership to other countries in the region seeking to improve product efficiency.
LBNL's collaboration with Ghana's Energy Commission has grown over the years, notably with recent support from the Millennium Challenge Corporation (MCC). In this project, LBNL assisted MCC in the preparation of its second compact with Ghana by:
This assignment allowed MCC to include an investment of $25.4 million in energy efficiency and demand side management (EE/DSM) as part of the Power Compact II in Ghana. Proposed and selected EE/DSM activities in the Ghana Compact include development and enforcement of standards and labels, energy auditing, public-awareness campaign and pilot project to introduce distributed applications like solar photovoltaic backup power for lighting and electronics, off-grid solar systems, and grid-connected solar systems.
Currently, LBNL is continuing to work with MCC and the Ghana Energy Commission to assist in the implementation of the EE/DSM project.
In Benin, LBNL assisted MCC in developing an investment plan for Demand Side Management (DSM), Energy Efficiency (EE), and Distributed Generation (DG) for its new compact on the Power Sector.
This collaboration contributed to include activities in MCC Compact to advance energy efficiency measures in the public sector and private marketplace, to allow policy reforms that seek to change energy use behavior through consumer education about energy efficiency and to accelerate an enabling environment for off-grid electricity.
LBNL supported the ECOWAS Energy Efficiency Policy initiative by estimating the potential energy savings that would result from regional standards and labeling policies. Initial analysis suggested that the ECOWAS region could save more than 60 terawatt hours (TWh) of electricity per year by 2030 by adopting best practice efficiency standards for primary appliances such as refrigerators, air conditioners, lighting, and other equipment. To put this into perspective, 60 TWh is nearly as much electricity as was consumed by the entire ECOWAS region in 2011.
LBNL is assessing high-quality wind, solar photovoltaic (PV), and concentrated solar power (CSP) resources in 21 countries* in the Eastern Africa Power Pool (EAPP) and Southern African Power Pool (SAPP) through a project with the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA). This study will support countries from the Africa Clean Energy Corridor (ACEC) in their ability to identify low-regret renewable energy development options that satisfy multiple stakeholder concerns. This capability is crucial for countries with limited financial and institutional resources for energy planning and development.
* Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Djibouti, Democratic Republic of Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Lesotho, Libya, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Rwanda, South Africa, Sudan, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
Ghana's Energy Commission, Ghana
South Africa Department of Energy, South Africa
Unlimited Energy Resources, South Africa
University of Pretoria, South Africa
North-West University, South Africa
Stellenbosch University, South Africa
Energy Cybernetics, South Africa
ECREEE, West Africa
Direction Générale de l'Energie, Benin