Opportunities to improve energy efficiency in the U.S. pulp and paper industry

TitleOpportunities to improve energy efficiency in the U.S. pulp and paper industry
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsWorrell, Ernst, Nathan C Martin, Norma Anglani, Dan Einstein, Marta Khrushch, Lynn K Price
Conference NamePaper Machine Technology, Relating Processing to Paper and Board Properties
Date Published2/2/2001
Call NumberLBNL-48354
Keywordsenergy efficiency, industrial energy analysis
Abstract

This paper analyzes the energy efficiency and carbon dioxide emissions reductions potential of the U.S. pulp and paper industry, one of the largest energy users in the U.S. manufacturing sector. We examined over 45 commercially available state-of-the-art technologies and measures. The measures were characterized, and then ordered on the basis of cost-effectiveness. The report indicates that there still exists significant potential for energy savings and carbon dioxide emissions reduction in this industry. The cost-effective potential for energy efficiency improvement is defined as having a simple pay-back period of three years or less. Not including increased recycling the study identifies a cost-effective savings potential of 16% of the primary energy use in 1994. Including increased recycling leads to a higher potential for energy savings, i.e. a range of cost-effective savings between 16% and 24% of primary energy use. Future work is needed to further elaborate on key energy efficiency measures identified in the report including barriers and opportunities for increased recycling of waste paper.

LBNL Report Number

LBNL-48354