Appliance Energy Efficiency

appliance energy efficiency

The International Energy Studies Group assists governments, utilities, and the private sector in analyzing and implementing policies and programs to improve the energy efficiency of appliances. We develop analytical tools and provide technical assistance for the Super-Efficient Appliance Deployment (SEAD) Initiative, which is an initiative of the Clean Energy Ministerial and a task within the International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation.

The Bottom-Up Energy Analysis System (BUENAS) projects appliance energy demand and greenhouse gas emissions through 2030 globally and by country. BUENAS provided input to IEA World Energy Outlook 2012 and was featured in IIASA Global Energy Assessment, IPCC 5th Assessment.

In collaboration with Prayas Energy Group, we supported the conceptualization and design of the first national level upstream incentive program for superefficient appliances in India (the Super-Efficient Equipment Program (SEEP) of the Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE), Government of India), which is being financed by the World Bank.

Recent Work

Bottom-Up Energy Analysis System (BUENAS)

BUENAS projects appliance energy demand and greenhouse gas emissions through 2030 globally and by country. The current version of BUENAS covers 13 major national economies that account for ~80% of global energy demand and covers 15 building and industrial appliances and equipment categories, for a total of~200 equipment and country combinations.

Energy Savings Potential by Appliance in the SEAD Economies in 2030

Energy Savings Potential by Appliance in the SEAD Economies in 2030

Letschert, et. al. (2013). Energy Efficiency Appliance Standards: Where do we stand, how far can we go and how do we get there?
An analysis across several economies. ECEEE Summer Study, France.

BUENAS simulates policy scenarios such as:

  • Best Practices — Identifies 'achievable' efficiency targets basedon alignment of Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) across regions to model harmonization potential
  • Cost-Effective Potential — Models economic potential of high-efficiency appliance and equipment by integrating BUENAS and Global Energy Efficiency Cost (GEEC) Database developed at LBNL
  • Best-Available Technology — Characterize Most Aggressive efficiency scenario representing technical potential

Superefficient Equipment and Appliance Deployment (SEAD) Initiative

An initiative of the Clean Energy Ministerial and a task within the International Partnership for Energy Efficiency Cooperation, SEAD seeks to engage governments and the private sector to transform the global market for energy-efficient equipment and appliances. Under SEAD, the IES group provides technical support to working groups on energy efficiency market transformation policies (e.g., standards and labeling, awards, procurement and financial incentives). We also conduct product-specific studies to identify remaining opportunities for energy efficiency improvement. For example our studies on room air conditioners, ceiling fans, TVs and computer monitors are available here. The IES group also provides technical support for appliance energy efficiency programs to SEAD participating governments such as Mexico, South Africa and India.

Shah et al (2013). Cooling the Planet: Opportunities for Deployment of Superefficient Room Air Conditioners. LBNL-6164E

See superefficient.org for more information on the SEAD initiative.

Policy Analysis Modeling System for Minimum Energy Performance Standards (PAMS-MEPS)

PAMS-MEPS is a spreadsheet-based tool that provides techno-economic analysis to countries with limited resources and limited data available, based on the methodologies used by DOE to set their appliance efficiency standards. The model has built-in default values for 150 countries and 3 appliances (room air conditioners, refrigerators, and washing machines). And when data is available PAMS-MEPS can be easily customized through a user-friendly interface to model any appliance. PAMS-MEPS has been used to support and justify energy efficiency program implementation with robust studies evaluating the impacts on consumers and at the national level in a wide range of countries (e.g., China, India, Mexico, Chile, and Vietnam). LBNL also provides training to local governments and agencies on PAMS-MEPS and on best practices in designing standards or other types of appliance/equipment efficiency programs.

PAMS Screenshot

PAMS Screenshot

Additional information available on the CLASP website.

Selected Publications:

BUENAS:

"Bottom-Up Energy Analysis System (BUENAS) - an International Appliance Efficiency Policy Tool" Michael A. McNeil, Virginie E. Letschert, Stephane de la Rue du Can, Jing Ke (2013). Energy Efficiency

"Estimate of Cost-Effective Potential for Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in 13 Major World Economies - Energy Savings, Environmental and Financial Impacts" Virginie Letschert, Nicholas Bojda, Jing Ke and Michael McNeil (2012). LBNL-5723E

"Estimate of Cost-Effective Potential for Minimum Efficiency Performance Standards in 13 Major World Economies" Virginie Letschert, Nicholas Bojda, Jing Ke and Michael McNeil (2012). LBNL-5724E

SEAD:

"Cooling the Planet: Opportunities for Deployment of Superefficient Room Air Conditioners" Nihar Shah (LBNL), Paul Waide (Navigant Consulting) and Amol Phadke (LBNL), (2013). LBNL-6164E

"Potential Global Benefits of Improved Ceiling Fan Energy Efficiency" Nakul Sathaye, Amol Phadke, Nihar Shah and Virginie Letschert (2012). LBNL-5890E

"Efficiency Improvement Opportunities in TVs: Implications for Market Transformation Programs" Won Young Park, Amol Phadke, Nihar Shah, Virginie Letschert (2013). Energy Policy

"Efficiency Improvement Opportunities for Personal Computer Monitors: Implications for Market Transformation Programs" Won Young Park, Amol Phadke, Nihar Shah (2013). Energy Efficiency

PAMS:

"Energy Efficiency Appliance Standards: Where do we stand, how far can we go and how do we get there? An analysis across several economies" Virginie Letschert, Stephane de la Rue du Can, Michael McNeil, Puneeth Kalavase, Allison Fan, Gabrielle Dreyfus (2013). ECEEE Summer Study, France

Collaborators: 
Regulatory Assistance Project (RAP)
Collaborative Labeling and Appliance Standards Program (CLASP)
Prayas Energy Group
Sponsors: 
U. S. DOE
U. S. Department of State
Climateworks
International Copper Association

Related Publications:

2013

Zhou, Nan, David Fridley, Michael A. McNeil, Nina Zheng Khanna, Wei Feng, and Jing Ke. Quantifying the potential impact of energy efficiency and low carbon policies for China In the European Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy’s 2013 Summer Study on Energy Efficiency. Toulon, France: the European Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy, 2013. Download: PDF (831.42 KB)

2012

2011

2010

Zhou, Nan, David Fridley, Michael A. McNeil, Nina Zheng, Virginie E. Letschert, and Jing Ke. "Analysis of Potential Energy Saving and CO2 Emission Reduction of Home Appliances and Commercial Equipments in China." In The 2010 American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy's Summer Study on Energy Efficiency in Buildings., 2010. Download: PDF (4.45 MB)